T4 Syndrome

Let’s take a look at T4 syndrome. T4 syndrome, or more accurately “upper thoracic syndrome”, is a rare and perhaps under-recognized clinical entity. The most common cause of T4 syndrome is overuse injury and it usually seen in patients who perform excessive amounts of bending, lifting and twisting movements seen in sports such as gymnastics … Continue reading T4 Syndrome

Ice or Heat

Let’s take a look at the therapeutic use of ice and heat. As a rule of thumb, you should apply an ice pack as soon as possible after an injury; applying it for 10-15 minutes, and repeating after 60-90 minutes. Make sure that the ice pack is dry, and covered in a layer of material. … Continue reading Ice or Heat

Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Let’s take a look at myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). MPS is a common cause of pain and is characterized by pain arising from tight bands of muscle known as trigger points, which often result in pain that is felt away from the site of injury. This pain away from the site of injury is a … Continue reading Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Let's take a look at thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). TOS is a term used to describe the compression of the brachial plexus; a grouping of nerves in the neck and shoulder region. Compression of these structures can cause pain, tingling, numbness and weakness from the shoulder and into the arm – often described as ‘sciatica … Continue reading Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Rotator Cuff Tears or Tendinopathy

Let’s take a look at rotator cuff tears, or tendinopathy. The rotator cuff is a group of 4 muscles which hold your arm to your shoulder blade. Despite their group name they do not cause much movement of the joint, rotation or otherwise; rather they stabilise and control the movement caused by other, larger muscles. … Continue reading Rotator Cuff Tears or Tendinopathy

Impingement Syndrome

Let’s take a look at subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). AKA subacromial pain syndrome or rotator cuff impingement SIS is a symptomatic irritation of the structures passing through the narrow space below the acromion of the shoulder (the hard, flat bone forming the “roof” of the shoulder). Consequently, it is a syndrome made up of many … Continue reading Impingement Syndrome

Frozen Shoulder

Let’s take a look at frozen shoulder.AKA adhesive capsulitis. Frozen shoulder is a chronic shoulder condition typically lasting 1.5 - 2 years; but can be triple that. It is characterised by both pain and restricted movement. The cause is often unknown, though it is related to immobility of the shoulder (eg after keeping your arm … Continue reading Frozen Shoulder