Lyme Disease

May is Lyme disease awareness months, organised by @LymeDiseaseUK and @Lyme-Disease-Action, so let’s talk about Lyme Disease. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection spread to humans from tick bites; with an estimated 2,000-3,000 cases a year through England and Wales; with about 15% having been acquired abroad. Ticks don’t jump or fly, but climb onto … Continue reading Lyme Disease

Ice or Heat

Let’s take a look at the therapeutic use of ice and heat. As a rule of thumb, you should apply an ice pack as soon as possible after an injury; applying it for 10-15 minutes, and repeating after 60-90 minutes. Make sure that the ice pack is dry, and covered in a layer of material. … Continue reading Ice or Heat

Neck Pain

Let’s take a look at neck pain. Neck pain is common, but not normal. Causes include trauma, poor posture, muscle strain, bone abnormalities, and more, the vast majority are not serious. Diagnosing neck pain may require X-rays, MRIs, and other imaging tests, though often imaging may show abnormalities that aren’t causing any pain. Consequently, imaging … Continue reading Neck Pain

Facet Syndrome

Let’s take a look at facet syndrome. Facet syndrome is the irritation of the structures that form the facet joints – the small joints in the spine, which control movement. These can be irritated by pinching or stretching of the capsular ligaments which surround the joint, as a result of repeated micro-trauma, or as a … Continue reading Facet Syndrome

Cervicogenic Headaches

Let’s take a look at cervicogenic headaches. Cervicogenic headaches are headaches caused by structures in the neck, typically the muscles and the facet joints of the spine; they have a habit of developing chronicity. Given the strong link between stress, the muscles of the neck, and headaches; many tension headaches are simultaneously cervicogenic. There is … Continue reading Cervicogenic Headaches

Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Let’s take a look at myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). MPS is a common cause of pain and is characterized by pain arising from tight bands of muscle known as trigger points, which often result in pain that is felt away from the site of injury. This pain away from the site of injury is a … Continue reading Myofascial Pain Syndrome

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Let's take a look at thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS). TOS is a term used to describe the compression of the brachial plexus; a grouping of nerves in the neck and shoulder region. Compression of these structures can cause pain, tingling, numbness and weakness from the shoulder and into the arm – often described as ‘sciatica … Continue reading Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Meniscoid Entrapment

Let’s talk about Meniscoid Entrapment Syndrome (AKA Cricked Neck) The small joints at the back of the spine are made up of 2 joint surfaces, covered by a ligament sheath which enclose the joint; and then filled with synovial fluid to act as lubricant. Because the shape of the joint surface is 2 outwardly curving … Continue reading Meniscoid Entrapment

Cervical Radiculopathy

Let’s take a look at cervical radiculopathy. Cervical radiculopathy is a disease process marked by nerve compression, typically from herniated disc material or arthritic bone spurs in the neck. Cervical radiculopathy symptoms typically include pain, weakness, or numbness in the areas served by the affected nerve. Pain can be felt in one area only, like … Continue reading Cervical Radiculopathy