Axial Spondyloarthritis

Today is World AS Day, brought to us by @asif.spondylitis and @NationalAxialSpondyloarthritisSociety, so let’s take a look at Axial Spondyloarthritis (AxSpAr / AS) Axial Spondyloarthritis is a progressive form of inflammatory arthritis, which involves the spine. It affects up to 1 in 200 people in the general population, and may account for as much as … Continue reading Axial Spondyloarthritis

Lyme Disease

May is Lyme disease awareness months, organised by @LymeDiseaseUK and @Lyme-Disease-Action, so let’s talk about Lyme Disease. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection spread to humans from tick bites; with an estimated 2,000-3,000 cases a year through England and Wales; with about 15% having been acquired abroad. Ticks don’t jump or fly, but climb onto … Continue reading Lyme Disease

T4 Syndrome

Let’s take a look at T4 syndrome. T4 syndrome, or more accurately “upper thoracic syndrome”, is a rare and perhaps under-recognized clinical entity. The most common cause of T4 syndrome is overuse injury and it usually seen in patients who perform excessive amounts of bending, lifting and twisting movements seen in sports such as gymnastics … Continue reading T4 Syndrome

Tendinopathy

Let’s take a look at tendinopathy. AKA Tendonitis Tendinopathy is irritation and pain localised in or around a tendon, which is a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone and transmits the force and action of the muscle. Injury is usually a repetitive strain, or overuse injury; but can also be an acute … Continue reading Tendinopathy

Lower Core

Let’s take a look at core strength and stability for the pelvic girdle and low back. First of all – what is meant by your Core Musculature? Well, this largely depends on who you ask. As physical therapists, we mean the deep muscles that stabilise your body, and allow other, larger muscles to create movement … Continue reading Lower Core

Concussion

Let’s take a look at concussion, AKA mild Traumatic Brain Injury (mTBI). The brain is made of soft tissue, which is cushioned by spinal fluid and encased in the protective shell of the skull. When you sustain a concussion, the impact can shake your brain, literally causing it to move around, impacting the inside of … Continue reading Concussion

Medical Imaging

First of all, I love a good X-ray or an MRI / CT scan. However, they are not always appropriate, and just like opioids, or statins, they have been overprescribed recently, and making the news. Medical imaging will show you the gross anatomy, and whether it is “normal” or “abnormal” or even “normally abnormal”. It … Continue reading Medical Imaging

Ice or Heat

Let’s take a look at the therapeutic use of ice and heat. As a rule of thumb, you should apply an ice pack as soon as possible after an injury; applying it for 10-15 minutes, and repeating after 60-90 minutes. Make sure that the ice pack is dry, and covered in a layer of material. … Continue reading Ice or Heat