Lumbar Disc

Degrees of disc herniation Let’s take a look at lumbar disc injury; also falsely known as “slipped disc” – please note, the disc does not slip, this is a horrible term that deserves to be consigned to the dustbin of the English language! Lumbar disc injuries are most common in people aged between 30 and 50. … Continue reading Lumbar Disc

Rotator Cuff Tears or Tendinopathy

Let’s take a look at rotator cuff tears, or tendinopathy. The rotator cuff is a group of 4 muscles which hold your arm to your shoulder blade. Despite their group name they do not cause much movement of the joint, rotation or otherwise; rather they stabilise and control the movement caused by other, larger muscles. … Continue reading Rotator Cuff Tears or Tendinopathy

Impingement Syndrome

Let’s take a look at subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS). AKA subacromial pain syndrome or rotator cuff impingement SIS is a symptomatic irritation of the structures passing through the narrow space below the acromion of the shoulder (the hard, flat bone forming the “roof” of the shoulder). Consequently, it is a syndrome made up of many … Continue reading Impingement Syndrome

TENS

Let’s take a look at TENS machines (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation). In TENS therapy, a small, device delivers low-voltage electrical current through the skin via electrodes placed near the source of pain. The electricity from the electrodes stimulates nerves in the affected area and "scrambles" normal pain perception, and often feels “a bit tingly”. This … Continue reading TENS

Costovertebral Syndrome

Let’s take a look at costovertebral syndrome. Costovertebral syndrome is essentially a spraining injury of the joints where a rib connects to a vertebra in the spine. These injuries usually occur after a sudden movement involving twisting, bending or over-extending (arching) the spine. They may occasionally occur due to repetitive twisting or bending motions, or … Continue reading Costovertebral Syndrome

Foam Roller

Let’s take a look at foam rolling - the poor wo/man's massage. Of course, these work best in conjunction with actual massage, especially when it comes to highlighting which muscles you need to concentrate on. We would recommend using the foam roller twice a week, and an actual massage every month. Foam rolling is a … Continue reading Foam Roller

Tissue Healing

Let’s take a look at your healing process. The following applies to any injury, and is just the body’s way of dealing with (physical) injury. After an injury occurs, you go through 3-4 phases of healing. 1. Bleeding, or clotting; typically lasting hours, can be days. In this phase, blood vessels close down to minimise … Continue reading Tissue Healing

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Let’s take a look at rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systematic autoimmune inflammatory disease and results in persistent inflammation of synovial tissue especially of the wrists, hands and feet. Individuals with RA are 8 times more likely to have functional disability compared with adults in the general population from the same community. … Continue reading Rheumatoid Arthritis

Sciatica

Let’s take a look at sciatica. Sciatica is the term given to symptoms experienced from compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve; it is not a diagnosis so much as a collection of symptoms; so a diagnosis will still be needed before starting treatment. The sensation of sciatica will be familiar to anyone who’s banged … Continue reading Sciatica

Cauda Equina Syndrome

Today is National Spinal Cord Injury Awareness Day, brought to us by Spinal Injuries Association; so let’s take a look at cauda equina syndrome (CES). Cauda equina syndrome is a rare and severe type of spinal stenosis where the bundle of nerve roots at the lower end of the spinal cord become compressed. Typically this … Continue reading Cauda Equina Syndrome