Let’s take a look at plantar fasciitis.
Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of heel pain, accounting for around four out of five cases.
The plantar fascia is the thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone with the rest of the foot, forming the arches of the foot, and is essential in the spring mechanism when toeing off in gait. The plantar fascia can become damaged and thickened either by trauma, or through the micro-trauma of gradual wear and tear. The plantar fascia share fibres with the achilles tendon, and it is often a good idea to look at both of these areas for treatment, along with things like footwear, gait etc.
The symptoms of plantar fasciitis can come on over the course of several hours to several days; and will often get worse with time; potentially leading to the formation of heel spurs. Patients typically experience sharp pain and tenderness in the heel, or sole of the foot; which can be aggravated by activity, or by prolonged rest. There are many, many potential causes of plantar fasciitis; and getting to the root cause of the issue for an individual can often be the single most useful piece of information for treating them. However, treatment with the POLICE principal of Protection, Optimal Loading, Ice, Compression and Elevation; specifically with ice massage, stretching and strengthening the muscles of the foot and ankle are also useful in most people; but they may have limited use on preventing recurrence.