NB: This is a blog of our personal opinions, and is provided as a brief overview of things we think you might find interesting.

  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome 25 January 2019 | View comments

  • TOS is a term used to describe the compression of the brachial plexus; a grouping of nerves in the neck and shoulder region. Compression of these structures can cause pain, tingling, numbness and weakness from the shoulder and into the arm – often described as ‘sciatica in the arm’; but can also be felt in the neck or even into the face. Compression is usually caused by tension in the muscles that the plexus passes through or alongside, but can also come from the top ribs or joints of the neck. Symptoms are often aggravated by raising the arm/s up; this is a fairly common condition amongst people who work with their arms held high, such as hairdressers or some machine operators. Common causes of TOS include trauma, stress, repetitive strain, posture or congenital abnormalities (such as extra ribs); though sometimes the root cause is simply unknown. TOS is most common in women aged 25-45.


    Treatment is aimed at identifying and nullifying the root cause if possible; at relaxing, stretching and strengthening the muscles of the neck, or, failing that, then mobilising the joints of the neck, shoulder and upper ribs. Where TOS is caused by a congenital abnormality then referral to an orthopaedic surgeon may be warranted.

    Diagnosing TOS is often not easy, as there are so many other conditions which present similarly; such as carpal tunnel syndrome, tennis elbow or rotator cuff tear. Indeed it happens that a nerve damaged at one point becomes more susceptible to damage elsewhere along its length, this is a called a double crush injury.


    You can find out more here:


    Forms of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Stretches for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    Nerve Flossing for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

    At Back In Action we also offer free consultations. This will take about 10-15 minutes where we can talk in general terms about your condition, and see if we can point you in the right direction for treatment. Whether that is with ourselves, someone else, or on your own at home. Call today to schedule your free no obligation consultation.

    « Back to archive
Further information about us      Our Blog
Back In Action Homepage    About Us    Chiropractic / Chiropractor    Clinical Massage, Remedial Massage, Therapeutic Massage    Price List and Opening Hours    General Advice    Contact Information